The processes for obtaining adoption assistance and/or subsidies can be complex and confusing. Many adoptive parents are not aware of the physical, emotional, and financial support they can receive in their state or may not fully understand the application and negotiation process.
In addition, subsidy law and process varies from state to state. It is therefore important for adoptive parents to research the information in their home state. The following is some general information on adoption assistance. More detailed information for each state is available through
There are two major sources of adoption assistance for adoptive families: the Federal Title IV-E program and there are state subsidy programs.
Subsidy Component Contents (click on title to access document)
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Administrative hearing decisions